Meet Irene – From Holocaust to Hope and Her Journey to America on a Liberty Ship
April 13, 2020 – Irene Hasenberg Butter is a Holocaust survivor. Her story is an inspiring one that highlights not only the conflict and terror in Europe caused by the Nazi regime but also the hope for those who longed to have the freedom for which the Allies were fighting. The massive efforts of the Arsenal of Democracy in the United States were critical to the success of the war efforts.
The Holocaust was part of World War II (1939-1945). The Axis Powers (Germany, Italy and Japan) sought to create a new order in Europe, dominate the Mediterranean and control natural resources in Asia. Adolf Hitler rose to power in Germany in the 1930s. He ran for president in 1932 campaigning on the promise to deliver jobs and bread to German citizens who were suffering during a worldwide economic depression and terms of the Treaty of Versailles. The treaty was signed in 1919 to end World War I (1914-1918). Germany was forced to pay billions of dollars in reparations after losing to the Allies – France, England and the United States as an associated power with the Allies.
Hitler lost the 1932 presidential election but in devious and brutal ways, he consolidated power quickly. In January 1933, German President Paul von Hindenburg appointed Hitler as Chancellor. Within weeks Hitler began his reign of terror. Hitler replaced Germany’s Weimar Republic with his totalitarian government. German Jews were stripped of their citizenship in 1935. Hitler’s plan was to reunite the German Empire that had been broken apart at the end of World War I. With Italy and Japan, the three countries wanted to dominate the world.
Hitler progressively took steps to eradicate European Jews. He was ultimately responsible for the murder of six million Jews, the Holocaust.
– Lesson Plan 3: Holocaust – – CLICK HERE TO DOWNLOAD
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